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Understanding research and critical appraisal

This guide provides an outline of the key types of research study designs, and the difference between primary and secondary research

Further reading and helpful resources



Video tutorials


Journal articles


BMJ: How to read a paper

How To Read a Paper

This series of articles explain how to read and interpret different kinds of research papers.


JAMA: User's Guides to the Medical Literature

Explore the foundations of evidence-based medicine with JAMA's Users' Guide to the Medical Literature collection. Learn to understand and interpret clinical research.