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Vancouver Referencing

Basic instructions on how to reference using the Vancouver system

Book with a single author


1. Hemphill B. Occupational therapy and spirituality. London: Routledge; 2020.

Book with two and up to six authors


2. Hull J, Forton J, Thomson AH. Paediatric respiratory medicine. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2015.

For books with more than six authors, please see the information in the References tab of this guide.

Chapter in an edited book

You need to use the details of the author of the specific chapter you are using as well as the editor(s) of the book in your reference list.  If you have used more than one chapter from the same book, you would have two different references.



3. Beadle M, Townend S. Team working. In: Lewis L, editor. Fundamentals of midwifery: a textbook for students. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons; 2015. p. 22-41.

The authors of the chapter that is cited in the example above (Beadle and Townend) are listed as the authors in the reference list.  The full reference for a chapter in an edited book also includes the name(s) of the editor(s) of the whole book (Lewis, in this example), title, publisher etc. The page numbers of the chapter that is cited in the assignment are listed at the end.

Electronic books

The majority of our electronic books are provided by publishers using specific programmes.  It should generally be possible to identify the publisher and place of publication from the book record in Hunter if it is not obvious on the book itself.  The URL you use should be the main URL of the provider.  List this URL at the end of your reference.



4. Cottrell S. The study skills handbook [Internet]. 5th ed. London: Macmillan Education UK; 2019 [cited 2022 Sep 28]. Available from: