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Vancouver Referencing

Basic instructions on how to reference using the Vancouver system

Web pages with an organisation or an individual as author


1. Macmillan Cancer Support. Rare cancers [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2022 Dec 15]; [15 screens] Available from:     


2. SGUL. Biomedical Science alumna shortlisted for the Women of the Future Awards 2022 [Internet]. 2022 [cited 2022 Dec 15]; [3 screens]. Available from: 

What if there is no author?

Where a web page has no obvious author, whether an individual or an organisation, use the title of the web page. If there is no obvious author, consider whether this is likely to be suitable information to use for academic research. 



3. [Internet]. 2022 [cited 2022 Dec 2022]; [5 screens]. Available from:

What if there is no date?

If there is no date, write (no date) in brackets where you would normally put the year.

If you find that lots of your sources are missing dates, ask yourself if you might be able to find a better, more reliable source for your work. eBooks are just as good, if not better than, websites for background information and have the benefit of including all the necessary bibliographic information at the beginning of the book.